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2014年6月7日GRE阅读机经回忆

2014-06-16 13:54 小马过河 fengsaiyun

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摘要:2014年6月7日GRE阅读机经回忆。下面为大家整理了2014年6月7日新GRE阅读考试机经的相关内容,同学们可适当进行参考。更多GRE考试资料,请咨询小马过河GRE频道电话400-0123-267!

  6月份新一轮GRE考试即将来临,同学们需快速进入GRE备考状态。下面为大家汇总了6月7日GRE阅读机经的相关内容,一起来看一下吧。

2014年6月7日GRE机经解析
2014年6月7日GRE阅读机经 

  GRE阅读机经

  1、Currentstudies of early modern absolution- rule by one person with absolute authority-emphasize continual negotiations between ruler and ruled. The same rulers whooften staged spectacular display of them might spent much of their timearranging deals and forestalling opposition,negotiating constantly with nobles and others for acceptance of their rule. The effectiveness ruler was not the one who brusquely subduedopponents, but the onewho both avoided antagonizing those opponents, whocould not be easily subdued and who gradually lured most others into his courtwith political appointments. The rule of CosinoI De‘ Medici, a sixteen-century duke of Tuscany, exemplifies this strategy. Beginning from a weak subdued position, Cosino became one of Europe‘s most powerful rulers, founding adynasty that lasted well beyond his lifetime.

  2、Attemptsto identify New Guinea‘s hunter- gathers face the well-known difficulty of defining what constitutes a hunter- gatherer group.According to the common definition, hunter- gathers are those who subsist by hunting wild animals andgathering wild plants. Yet, those criteria beg numerous questions, includingthe issue of what constitutes “wild”. The very presence on a landscape ofhumans who are consumers affects food resources, blurring the lines betweenwild and domesticated and cultivation. Moreover, it is unclear how groupsshould be classified that are hunter- gathers in their procurement strategiesbut that make use of pastoralism and cultivation in their consumption patterns-subsisting, for example, by trading wild foods to neighbors in return fordomesticated crops.

  3.To understand the ancient Mayan people who lived in the area that is todaysouthern Mexico and Central America and the ecological difficulties they faced,one must first consider their environment, which we think of as “jungle"or “tropical rainforest." This view is inaccurate, and the reason provesto be important. Properly speaking, tropical rainforests grow in high-rainfallequatorial areas that remain wet or humid all year round. But the Maya homelandlies more than sixteen hundred kilometers from the equator, at latitudes 17 to22 degrees north, in a habitat termed a “seasonal tropical forest." Thatis, while there does tend to be a rainy season from May to October, there isalso a dry season from January through April. If one focuses on the wet months,one calls the Maya homeland a "seasonal tropical forest"; if onefocuses on the dry months, one could instead describe it as a "seasonaldesert.”

  From north to south inthe Yucatan Peninsula, where the Maya lived, rainfall ranges from 18 to 100inches (457 to 2,540 millimeters) per year, and the soils become thicker, sothat the southern peninsula was agriculturally more productive and supporteddenser populations. But rainfall in the Maya homeland is unpredictably variablebetween years; some recent years have had three or four times more rain thanother years. As a result, modern farmers attempting to grow corn in the ancientMaya homelands have faced frequent crop failures, especially in the north. Theancient Maya were presumably more experienced and did better, but neverthelessthey too must have faced risks of crop failures from droughts and hurricanes.

  Although southern Mayaareas received more rainfall than northern areas, problems of water wereparadoxically more severe in the wet south. While that made things hard forancient Maya living in the south, it has also made things hard for modemarchaeologists who have difficulty understanding why ancient droughts causedbigger problems in the wet south than in the dry north. The likely explanationis that an area of underground freshwater underlies the Yucatan Peninsula, butsurface elevation increases from north to south, so that as one moves south theland surface lies increasingly higher above the water table. In the northernpeninsula the elevation is sufficiently low that the ancient Maya were able toreach the water table at deep sinkholes called cenotes, or at deep caves. Inlow-elevation north coastal areas without sinkholes, the Maya would have beenable to get down to the water table by digging wells up to 75 feet (22 meters)deep. But much of the south lies too high above the water table for cenotes orwells to reach down to it. Making matters worse, most of the Yucatan Peninsulaconsists of karst, a porous sponge-like limestone terrain where rain runsstraight into the ground and where little or no surface water remainsavailable.

  How did those densesouthern Maya populations deal with the resulting water problem? It initiallysurprises us that many of their cities were not built next to the rivers butinstead on high terrain in rolling uplands. The explanation is that the Mayaexcavated depressions, or modified natural depressions, and then plugged upleaks in the karst by plastering the bottoms of the depressions in order tocreate reservoirs, which collected rain from large plastered catchment basinsand stored it for use in the dry season. For example, reservoirs at the Mayacity of Tikal held enough water to meet the drinking water needs of about10,000 people for a period of 18 months. At the city of Coba the Maya builtdikes around a lake in order to raise its level and make their water supplymore reliable. But the inhabitants of Tikal and other cities dependent onreservoirs for drinking water would still have been in deep trouble if 18months passed without rain in a prolonged drought. A shorter drought in whichthey exhausted their stored food supplies might already have gotten them indeep trouble, because growing crops required rain rather than reservoirs.

  4.Analyzing levels of proportional representation of American Indians in stateand local government jobs is important for several reasons. First, the basicidea underlying the theory of representative bureaucracy is that thedemographic composition of bureaucracy should mirror the demographiccomposition of the general public. This is because in addition to its symbolicvalue, increased access to managerial positions may lead to greaterresponsiveness on the part of policy makers to the policy interests oftraditionally disadvantaged groups such as American Indians. Second, the focuson higher-level jobs in bureaucracies(as opposed to nonmanagerial positions) isespecially important because managerial positions represent a major source ofeconomic progress for members of traditionally disadvantaged groups, as thesejobs confer good salaries, benefits, status, security, and mobility. Third, itis important to know if there has been growth in the American Indian share ofmore desirable public-sector positions over the last two decades. For instance,Peterson and Duncan argue that the populations and power of American Indianshave been growing in certain states. Petersonand Duncan also suggest that this growth may reflect the possibility thatAmerican Indian populations are becoming more active in nontraditional areas ofpolitics, assimilating into mainstream culture, and securing with greaterfrequency leadership positions in nontribal government.

  1. 文章目的

  D. Explain the need for particular socialresearch

  解析:全文第一句话

  2. 黑体字的功能?

  A. It hypothesizes a phenomenon that mightexplain a point made in the preceding sentence.

  C. It offers a projection regarding the developmentof a trend mentioned earlier in the passage.

  解析:难点就在这两个选项。如果是A,这句话解释前文;如果是C,这句话通过前文进行预测。前文说人口和权利增长,如果真的是提供解释,应该告诉我什么会带来人口和权利增长。但黑体字的内容,比如在非主流政治中更活跃,进入主流文化,更多的领导权并不能带来人口和权利增长。相反,人口和势力增长可以体现在这几个更具体的方面。所以C选项是对的,根据人口和权利增长,P和D两人推测很可能这几个方面的变化也发生了。

  3. The passage suggests which of the followingregarding” access to managerial positions” for disadvantaged groups?

  C. This access has meaning apart from any policybenefits it confer on those groups.

  解析:“in addition to its symbolic value, increased access to managerialpositions may lead to greater responsiveness on the part of policy makers tothe policy interests of traditionally disadvantaged groups such as AmericanIndians.”这个部分的结构是,除了symbolic value,increased access to managerial positions还可能带来policy benefits. 而C说除了policy benefits,还有其它meaning,指的就是symbolic value。所以选C。

  小马过河编辑为大家整理了6月7日新GRE阅读机经的相关内容,供各位GRE考生进行参考。

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