您的位置:三立在线 > GRE频道页 > GRE机经 > 2019年1月27日GRE阅读机经预测
400-920-8185

2019年1月27日GRE阅读机经预测

2019-01-25 15:13 三立在线 admin

分享到:0

摘要:GRE阅读小范围 文章 1 文章编号Passage 4 African American drama has, until recently, been rooted in the mimetic tradition of modern American naturalism. The most distinctive attribute of this tradition is the mechanistic, materialistic conception of humanity. Naturalism sees each individual as inextricably bound to the environment and depicts each person as someone controlled by, instead of controlling, concrete reality. As long as Afric

GRE阅读小范围

文章 1

  文章编号Passage 4

  African American drama has, until recently, been rooted in the mimetic tradition of modern American naturalism. The most distinctive attribute of this tradition is the mechanistic, materialistic conception of humanity. Naturalism sees each individual as inextricably bound to the environment and depicts each person as someone controlled by, instead of controlling, concrete reality. As long as African American drama maintained naturalism as its dominant mode, it could only express the “plight of African American people”。 Its heroes might declare the madness of reality, but reality inevitably triumphed over them.

  The surrealistic plays of Adrienne Kennedy mark one of the first departures from naturalism by an African American dramatist. The overall goal of her work has been to depict the world of the soul and the spirit, not to mirror concrete reality. Within this framework, Kennedy has been able to portray African American minds and souls liberated from their connections to the external environment.

  题目

  1. Which of the following best states the central idea of the passage?

  A. African American drama has been primarily influenced by naturalisms emphasis on the materialistic.

  B. African American drama has traditionally acknowledged the relationship between the individual and the environment.

  C. African American drama, traditionally naturalistic, has been little influenced by dramatist Kennedy’s spiritual and psychological approach to drama.

  D. The work of Kennedy suggests a shift away from a commitment to strict naturalism in African American drama.

  E. The work of Kennedy best exemplifies the current interest of African American artists in the spiritual and psychological worlds. 

  2. According to the passage, Kennedy is concerned with depicting the

  A. internal rather than the external life of her characters

  B. madness of reality rather than the effects of reality

  C. effects of materialism on African American minds and souls

  D. relationship between naturalism and the human spirit

  E. effects that her characters have on the environment 

  3. Which of the following statements, if true, would most strengthen the authors assertion that Kennedy’s work marks a serious departure from the tradition described in the first paragraph?

  A. Kennedy places the action in a real-life setting that is nevertheless unfamiliar to the average viewer or reader.

  B. Kennedy movingly portrays the lives and struggles of prominent African Americans in the United States.

  C. Kennedy uses characters found only in ancient African legends and mythology.

  D. Kennedy provides insights into American mimetic tradition and dramatic convention. E. Kennedy depicts the events in a style reminiscent of a television documentary.

  答案
  1.D    2.A    3.C
  文章 2

  文章编号   Passage 33

  A primary value in early twentieth-century Modernist architectural theory was that of “truth to materials”, that is, it was essential that a building’s design express the “natural” character of the building materials. This emphasis would have puzzled the architects of the Italian Renaissance (sixteenth century), a period widely regarded as the apex of architectural achievement, for Renaissance architects’ designs were determined only minimally by the materials employed. The diversity of Italy’s natural resources provided Renaissance architects with a wide variety of building materials. The builders of the Pitti Palace (1558-1570) used great blocks of Tuscan stone, just as Etruscans living in the same part of Italy had done some twenty centuries earlier. Had the Florentine Renaissance builders aped the Etruscan style, it might be said that their materials determined their style, since Etruscan style matched the massive, stark, solid character of the stone. But these same materials, which so suited the massive Etruscan style, were effectively used by the Florentine Renaissance to create the most delicate and graceful of styles. 

  A similar example of identical materials used in contrasting styles characterizes the treatment of Roman travertine marble. When Baroque architects of seventeenth-century Rome desired a massive and solid monumental effect, they turned to travertine marble, whose “natural effect” is, indeed, that of spacious breadth and lofty, smoothly rounded surfaces. Yet during the Renaissance, this same material had been used against its “nature,” in the Florentine tradition of sharply carved detail. Italian Renaissance architecture was shaped less by the “nature” of the materials at hand than by the artistic milieu of Renaissance Italy, which included painting and sculpture as well as architecture. While Roman travertine marble may have lent itself to fine carving, the Florentine passion for fine detail is no less marked in Florentine Renaissance painting than in Florentine Renaissance architecture. Similarly, in the next century, the emphasis on shading and corporeal density in Baroque painting mirrored the use of Roman travertine marble in Baroque architecture to create broad shadow and powerful masses. 

  The ingenuity of Renaissance architects extended beyond merely using a material in a way not suggested by its outward natural appearance. If they conceived a design that called for a certain material either too expensive or difficult to work with, they made no scruple about imitating that material. Their marbles and their stones are often actually painted stucco. When the blocks of masonry with which they built were not in scale with the projected scheme, the real joints were concealed and false ones introduced. Nor were these practices confined, as some scholars insist, to the later and supposedly decadent phases of the art. Material, then, was utterly subservient to style.

  题目

  1. The passage is primarily concerned with

  A. explaining the differences in quality among different kinds of building materials

  B. discussing the differences among Etruscan, Florentine Renaissance, and Roman Baroque architecture

  C. describing how different materials influenced architecture in different cities

  D. describing the manner in which Renaissance architects often resorted to artificial materials and illusionistic effects

  E. demonstrating the attitude of sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Italian architects toward the use of building materials 

  2. It can be inferred from the passage that the author believes that which of the following is true of painting and architecture of the Baroque era?

  A. Both emphasize the “natural” use of materials.

  B. Both are derived from the Florentine Renaissance style.

  C. Both have been overlooked by twentieth-century Modernists.

  D. They have certain visual features in common.

  E. They illustrate the degeneration of a style. 

  3. The author’s mention of Florentine Renaissance painting serves in the context of the passage to support which of the following assertions?

  A. The constraints that operate in architecture are different from those that operate in painting

  B. Florentine architectural style was not determined by the nature of the available marble.

  C. The Florentine Renaissance period was a period in which the other arts achieved the same distinction as did architecture.

  D. Technical advances in all of the arts of the Florentine Renaissance determined the stylistic qualities of those arts.

  E. Native preferences of style do not manifest themselves in the same ways in different arts. 

  4. The passage suggests which of the following about the cited “scholars”?

  A. They believe that a decadent phase is characteristic of any significant artistic movement.

  B. They reject the popular view of the Renaissance as the apex of architectural achievement.

  C. They believe that a vigorous and healthy architecture would not usually employ false surfaces or imitation building materials.

  D. They represent the mainstream in critical and historical thought about the Florentine Renaissance. E. They have focused on such technical matters as the cost of building materials rather than on artistic concerns.

  答案
  1.E    2.D    3.C   4.C
  文章 3

  文章编号 2018 年4 月28日 Passage 2

  Carla L. Peterson's Doers of the Word (1997), a study of African American women speakers and writers from 1830-1880, is an important addition to scholarship on nineteenth-century African American women. Its scope resembles that of Frances Smith Fosters 1993 study, but its approach is quite different. For Foster, the Black women who came to literary voice in nineteenth-century America were claiming their rights as United States citizens, denying that anything should disqualify them from full membership in an enlightened national polity. Peterson sees these same women as having been fundamentally estranged from the nation by a dominant culture unsympathetic to Black women, and by a Black intelligentsia whose male view of race concerns left little room for Black female intellect.

  题目

  1.The passage indicates that Peterson identifies which of the following as obstacles faced by the women included in her study?

  A.the attitudes of Black male intellectuals toward female intellectual work

  B.the discriminatory attitudes faced by Black women in nineteenth-century America as a whole

  C.disagreements among Black women speakers and writers themselves about the impact of the Black intelligentsia 

  2.It can be inferred that Peterson's study and Fosters study are similar with respect to which of the following?

  A.the writers that each takes up for examination

  B.the degree to which each has influenced other scholars

  C.the assumptions that each brings to nineteenth-century African American literature

  D.their analysis of the nineteenth-century Black intelligentsia

  E.their interpretation of nineteenth-century Americas dominant culture

  答案
  答案:1.AB    2.A
  文章 4

  文章编号 2018 年3 月4 日 Passage 1

  A decrease in face-to-face social contact can precipitate depression. Time spent using the Internet cannot be spent in face-to-face social contact, so psychologists have speculated that sharply increasing Internet use can cause depression. Studies of regular Internet users have found a significantly higher incidence of depression among those who had recently doubled the amount of time they spent using the Internet than among those whose use had not increased. Hence, the psychologists’ speculation is correct.

  题目

  Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

  A. In general, the reason that the people in the studies had doubled their Internet use was not that they had earlier experienced a significant decrease in opportunities for face-to-face social contact.

  B. A sharp decrease in face-to-face social contact is the only change in daily activity that can lead to an increased incidence of depression.

  C. Using the Internet presents no opportunities for people to increase the amount of face-to-face social contact they experienced in their daily lives.

  D. Regular Internet users who are depressed will experience an immediate improvement in mood if they sharply decrease the amount of time they spend on the Internet.

  E. Before they doubled the time they spent on the Internet, the people who did so were already more prone to depression than are regular Internet users in general.

  答案
  C
  文章 5

  文章编号  Passage 78

Benovians set their clocks back an hour for the winter. The result is that, during winter’s short days, it is light when most commuters drive to work, but dark when they drive back home. Darkness contributes to accidents. Changing the clocks, however, does not actually increase the amount of driving done in the dark, so it is unlikely to have any effect on Benovia’s automobile accident rate.

  题目

  Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?

  A. The average number of hours that Benovians drive when it is dark is greater for days during the winter than for days during other times of the year.

  B. In Benovia, hazards to safe driving that are made worse by darkness are as likely to occur in the morning as in the evening.

  C. The majority of cars on Benovia’s roads during a given day are those of people commuting to or from work.

  D. The majority of automobile accidents in Benovia take place when it is dark.

  E. Driving conditions are no worse in Benovia in the winter than during the rest of the year.

  答案
  B
  文章 6

  文章编号  Passage 83

  Throughout much of the Tertiary period( most of the past 65 million years),the Arctic supported continuous forests. Only toward the end of that period does the fossil evidence show that certain present-day Arctic plants were established and widely distributed throughout the Arctic. Many Arctic plants are thought to have originated in the high mountain ranges of central Asia and North America, to have spread northward to the Arctic as global temperatures fell in the late Tertiary, and to have achieved a circumpolar distribution by the end of the Tertiary(about 2 million years ago)。 However, fossil evidence to support these proposals is either lacking or fragmentary. Consequently, the routes by which these plants expanded their ranges during their colonization of the Arctic remain unknown. Consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply.

  题目

  1. Which of the following statements about Arctic plants is supported by the passage?

  A. The decline in global temperature in the late Tertiary prevented many high-mountain plants from becoming established in the Arctic.

  B. There is not enough evidence to firmly establish the historical migration routes of presentday Arctic plants.

  C. Present-day Arctic plants are less likely to leave fossil remains than are plants outside the Arctic 

  2. The context in which it appears, “distributed” most nearly means

  A. developed

  B. isolated

  C. dispersed

  D. divided

  E. disconnected

  答案

  1.B   2.C

以上为机经部分内容展示

获取2019年01月27日GRE阅读机经

请点击以下按钮获取



相关字搜索:   
gre在线咨询

Copyright ©2004-2018 www.xiaoma.com All Rights Resserved 三立在线版权所有

课程咨询电话:400-920-8185 邮箱:tech@sanlischool.com

课程咨询请扫描以上二维码

关于我们 网站地图

京ICP备14009560号-3

京公网安备 11010802021370号