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新GRE考试摸考试题及答案(第一套)

2014-06-12 11:08 小马过河 fengsaiyun

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摘要:新GRE考试摸考试题及答案(第一套)。下面为大家精选了一些新GRE考试模拟题,有助于同学们进行GRE模考,同学们可适当进行练习训练。

  2014年6月份第二轮GRE考试即将来临,同学们进入了紧张的GRE备考中,下面为大家整理了一套新GRE模考试题,并附有答案,赶快进行练习吧。

  Heat pumps circulate a fluid refrigerant制冷剂 that cycles alternatively from its liquid phase to its vapor phase in a closed loop闭合环路. The refrigerant, starting as a low temperature, low-pressure vapor, enters a compressor压缩机 driven by an electric motor. The refrigerant leaves the compressor as a hot, dense vapor and flows through a heat exchanger called the condenser冷凝剂, which transfers heat from the refrigerant to a body of air. Now the refrigerant, as a high-pressure, cooled liquid, confronts a flow restriction which causes the pressure to drop. As the pressure falls, the refrigerant expands and partially vaporizes, becoming chilled. It then passes through a second heat exchanger, the evaporator, which transfers heat from the air to the refrigerant, reducing the temperature of this second body of air. (126 words)

  1. According to the passage, the role of the flow restriction in a heat pump is to

  (A) measure accurately the flow rate of the refrigerant mass at that point

  (B) compress and heat the refrigerant vapor

  (C) bring about the evaporation and cooling of refrigerant【Now the refrigerant, as a high-pressure, cooled liquid, confronts 10 a flow restriction which causes the pressure to drop. As the pressure falls, the refrigerant expands and partially vaporizes, becoming chilled.】

  (D) exchange heat between the refrigerant and the air at that point

  (E) reverse the direction of refrigerant flow when needed

  Traditionally, the study of history has had fixed boundaries and focal焦点 points—periods, countries, dramatic events, and great leaders. It also has had clear and firm notions of scholarly procedure: how one inquires into a historical problem, how one presents and documents one‘s findings, what constitutes admissible可被采纳,可被接受的 and adequate proof. The recent popular psychohistory, committed to Freudian psychoanalysis, takes a radically different approach. This commitment precludes排除了 a commitment to history as historians have always understood it. Psychohistory derives its ―facts‖ not from history, the detailed records of events and their consequences, but from psychoanalysis of the individuals who made history, and deduces推断 its theories not from this or that instance in their lives, but from a view of human nature that transcends history. It denies the basic criterion of historical evidence: that evidence be publicly accessible to, and therefore assessable可以评价的 by, all historians. Psychohistorians, convinced of the absolute rightness of their own theories, are also convinced that theirs is the ―deepest‖ explanation of any event that other explanations fall short of达不到,缺乏 the truth.

  2. Which of the following best states the main point of the passage?

  (A) The approach of psychohistorians to historical study is currently in vogue正在流行的 even though it lacks the rigor and verifiability of traditional historical method.【这道题虽然选对了,但是确实看了5个选项后才又重新看的A,是因为in vogue这个词没理解】

  (B) Traditional historians can benefit from studying the techniques and findings of psychohis- torians.

  (C) Areas of sociological study such as childhood and work are of little interest to traditional historians.

  (D) The psychological assessment of an individual‘s behavior and attitudes is more informative

  than the details of his or her daily life.

  (E) History is composed of unique and nonrepeating events that must be individually analyzed

  on the basis of publicly verifiable evidence.

  3. The author of the passage puts the word ―deepest‖ in quotation marks most probably in order to

  (A) question the usefulness of psychohistorians‘ insights into traditional historical scholarship

  (B) draw attention to a contradiction in the psychohistorians‘ method

  (C) emphasize the major difference between the traditional historians‘ method and that of psychohistorians

  (D) disassociate her opinion of the psychohistorians‘ claims from her opinion of their method

  (E) signal her reservations about the accuracy of psychohistorians‘ claims for their work

  【It denies the basic criterion of historical evidence: that evidence be publicly accessible to, and therefore assessable可以评价的 by, all historians. Psychohistorians, convinced of the absolute rightness of their own theories, are also convinced that theirs is the ―deepest‖ explanation of any event that other explanations fall short of达不到,缺乏 the truth.】

  【一般in order to 这种题都是看上下文的,上文说它打破了基本的标准:别人可以评价可以接受的evidence, 从而自己推理absolute rightness of their own theories,而且上一个题也表明了作者有所保留的态度】

  PS【英语里引号一般只有两个意思:1.引用 2.反语,在这里就是一个反语】

  Eight percent of the Earth‘s crust is aluminum, and there are hundreds of aluminum-bearing含铝的 minerals and vast quantities of the rocks that contain them. The best aluminum ore is bauxite, defined as aggregates of aluminous minerals, more or less impure, in which aluminum is present as hydrated oxides含水氧化物. Bauxite is the richest of all those aluminous rocks that occur in large quantities, and it yields alumina氧化铝, the intermediate product required for the production of aluminum. Alumina also occurs naturally as the mineral corundum刚玉, but corundum is not found in large deposits of high purity, and therefore it is an impractical source for making aluminum. Most of the many abundant nonbauxite aluminous minerals are silicates硅酸盐, and, like all silicate minerals, they are refractory, resistant to analysis, and extremely difficult to process. The aluminum silicates are therefore generally unsuitable alternatives to bauxite because considerably more energy is required to extract alumina from them. (153 words)

  4. The author implies that a mineral must either be or readily supply which of the following in order to be classified as an aluminum ore?

  【注意提问方式:题目里有imply,表示不是表面上写的那个,所以定位在“The best aluminum ore is bauxite.” 就是错的。 事实上,题干问的是:一种物质应该是什么或者应该容易提供什么,这种物质才能被定义为铝矿石?定位在―Bauxite is the richest of all those aluminous

  rocks that occur in large quantities, and it yields alumina, the intermediate product required for the production of aluminum —也就是说,氧化铝是产生铝的必不可少的中间环节,imply 了mineral 想要炼铝,都要产生或者就是alumina;这一点在最后一句:―because considerably more energy is required to extract alumina from them‖ 中也有体现】

  (A) An aggregate

  (B) Bauxite

  (C) Alumina

  (D) Corundum

  (E) An aluminum silicate

  For the following question, consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply

  5. The passage supplies information for answering all of the following questions regarding aluminous minerals

  □A Are aluminum-bearing nonbauxite minerals plentiful?

  【Most of the many abundant nonbauxite aluminous minerals are silicates硅酸盐】其实没啥准确定位

  □B Do the aluminous minerals found in bauxite contain hydrated oxides?

  □C Are aluminous hydrated oxides found in rocks?

  6. The author implies that corundum would be used to produce aluminum if

  (A) corundum could be found that is not contaminated by silicates

  (B) the production of alumina could be eliminated as an intermediate step in manufacturing aluminum

  (C) many large deposits of very high quality corundum were to be discovered 【but corundum is not found in large deposits of high purity, and therefore it is an impractical source for making aluminum.】

  (D) new technologies were to make it possible to convert corundum to a silicate

  (E) manufacturers were to realize that the world‘s supply of bauxite is not unlimited

  Tillie Olsen‘s fiction and essays have been widely and rightly acknowledged, particularly by contemporary feminists, as major contributions to American Line literature. Yet few of Olsen‘s readers realize the extent to which her vision and choice of subject are rooted in an earlier literary heritage—the tradition of radical political thought, mostly socialist and anarchist, of the 1910‘s and 1920‘s, and the Old Left tradition of the 1930‘s. I do not mean that one can adequately explain the eloquence of her work in terms of its political origins, or that left-wing politics were the single most important influence on it. My point is that its central consciousness—its profound understanding of class and gender as shaping influences on people‘s lives—owes much to that earlier literary heritage. (126 words)

  For the following question, consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply

  7. According to the author, which of the following is NOT true of the heritage mentioned in the passage? 【???】

  □A It emphasizes gender as the determinate influence on people‘s lives.

  □B It includes political traditions that span three decades of the twentieth century.

  □C It has been the most important influence on Olsen‘s work.

  8. Select the sentence in which the author denies possible interpretations of an earlier assertion. 【注意审题,问的是作者否定的那种对他先前的论断的解读,自己选的是an earlier assertion,问的是作者对其的补充,这类题错了不少,主要原因都是没搞懂问的到底是啥,(⊙v⊙)嗯,要注意】

  Yet few of Olsen‘s readers realize the extent to which her vision and choice of subject are rooted in an earlier literary heritage—the tradition of radical political thought, mostly socialist and anarchist, of the 1910‘s and 1920‘s, and the Old Left tradition of the 1930‘s.

  I do not mean that one can adequately explain the eloquence of her work in terms of its political origins, or that left-wing politics were the single most important influence on it.

  Our visual perception depends on the reception of energy reflecting or radiating from that which we wish to perceive. If our eyes could receive and measure infinitely delicate sense-data, we could perceive the world with infinite precision. The natural limits of our eyes have, of course, been extended by mechanical instruments; telescopes and microscopes, for example, expand our capabilities greatly. There is, however, an ultimate limit beyond which no instrument can take us; this limit is imposed by our inability to receive sense- data smaller than those conveyed by an individual quantum of energy. (97 words)

  9. Which of the following describes a situation most analogous to the situation discussed in

  the last sentence?

  (A) A mathematician can only solve problems the solution of which can be deduced from known axioms.

  (B) An animal can respond to no command that is more complicated syntactically than any it has previously received.

  (C) A viewer who has not learned, at least intuitively, the conventions of painting, cannot understand perspective in a drawing.

  (D) A sensitized film will record no detail on a scale that is smaller than the grain of the film.

  (E) A shadow cast on a screen by an opaque object will have a sharp edge only if the light source is small or very distant.

  Of Homer‘s two epic poems, the Odyssey has always been more popular than the Iliad伊利亚特, perhaps because it includes more features of mythology that are accessible to readers. Its subject (to use Maynard Mack‘s 5 categories) is ―life-as-spectacle奇观,‖ for readers, diverted by its various incidents, observe its hero Odysseus primarily from without外面,外在; the tragic悲剧的 Iliad, however, presents ―life-as- experience‖: readers are asked to identify with the mind of Achilles, whose motivations render him a not particularly likable hero. In addition, the Iliad, more than the Odyssey, suggests the complexity of the gods‘ involvement in human actions, and to the extent that modern readers find this complexity a needless complication, the Iliad is less satisfying than the Odyssey, with its simpler ‗scheme‘ of divine justice. Finally, since the Iliad presents a historically verifiable action, Troy‘特洛伊s siege, the poem raises historical questions that are absent from the Odyssey’s blithely imaginative world. (148 words)

  10. The author uses Mack‘s ―categories‖ (lines 4-5) most probably in order to

  (A) argue that the Iliad should replace the Odyssey as the more popular poem

  (B) indicate Mack‘s importance as a commentator on the Iliad and the Odyssey

  (C) suggest one way in which the Iliad and the Odyssey can be distinguished

  (D) point out some of the difficulties faced by readers of the Iliad and the Odyssey

  (E) demonstrate that the Iliad and the Odyssey can best be distinguished by comparing their

  respective heroes

  11. The passage is primarily concerned with

  (A) distinguishing arguments

  (B) applying classifications

  (C) initiating a debate

  (D) resolving a dispute

  (E) developing a contrast

  12. It can be inferred from the passage that a reader of the Iliad is likely to have trouble identifying with the poem‘s hero for which of the following reasons?

  (A) The hero is eventually revealed to be unheroic.

  (B) The hero can be observed by the reader only from without.

  (C) The hero‘s psychology is not historically verifiable.

  (D) The hero‘s emotions often do not seem appealing to the reader. 【the tragic悲剧的 Iliad, however, presents ―life-as- experience‖: readers are asked to identify with the mind of Achilles, whose motivations render him a not particularly likable hero.】

  (E) The hero‘s emotions are not sufficiently

  various to engage the reader‘s attention.

  新GRE考试模拟题答案:1-4CACB 5. ABC 6.C 7. ABC 9. D 10. C 11. E 12 D

  小马过河编辑为大家总结了一些新GRE考试模拟题,供各位GRE考生进行参考。

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