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新GRE写作范文结构思路详解

2018-05-11 11:26 三立在线 admin

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摘要:参考一些优秀的新GRE写作范文是考生在备考新GRE写作时必要的步骤,下面便是一位考生在阅读新GRE写作范文后总结出的写作思路。各位考生可以参考这些写作方法与思路,来提高自己的写作水平。

   我总结出一些新GRE写作范文里值得借鉴的思路:首先分析题干是很重要的,读懂题目里作者的逻辑结构,指出里面未经证实的假设或者隐含的前提,更重要的是自己文章的逻辑结构要清晰,分析反驳地充分。

  In surveys Mason City residents rank water sports(swimming,boating,and fishing)among their favorite recreational activities. The Mason River flowing through the city is rarely used for these pursuits, however,and the city park department devotes little of its budget to maintaining riverside recreational facilities. For years there have been complaints from residents about the quality of the river's water and the river's smell. In response, the state has recently announced plans to clean up Mason River. Use of the river for water sports is,therefore,sure to increase.The city government should for that reason devote more money in this year's budget to reverside recreational facilities.

  这个题目应该算基础类了,首先找结论,然后依次去看指出原因或者前提,再倒上去分析。

  这题作者的结论就是:The city government should for that reason devote more money in this year's budget to reverside recreational facilities.

  得出这个结论是基于这样几个前提:

  前提1:居民更喜欢水上运动,证据:Survey

  前提2:河水利用率低是由于水质问题,证据:居民的抱怨

  前提3:river usage is sure to increase,因为do the river clean up

  从新GRE写作满分范文来看,整篇文章结构明朗,每段结构也很清晰。传统的5段式,3个反驳点。

  首段:While it may be true that the Mason City government ought to devote more money to riverside recreational facilities, this author's argument does not make a cogent case for increased resources based on river use.指出结论以及作者的文章逻辑证明存在问题,没有其它多余的废话。

  第二段:Citing surveys of city residents, the author reports city resident's love of water sports先写作者如何认为,然后写自己的反驳,质疑Survey的准确性,加举例,连用了自己的3个假设进行反驳。最后还加上觉得怎样才算好的论证。

  第三段:Additionally, the author implies that residents do not use the river for swimming,boating,and fishing,despite their professed interest,because the water is polluted and smelly.也是先写作者观点(包括他文中的隐含意思或前提);接着自己的反驳+进一步展开;最后能加上认为可行的论证建议是最好的了,这样不会一味批判到底,段内结构更完整。

  第四段:Building upon the implication that residents do not use the river due to the quality of the river's water and the smell, the author suggests that a river clean up will result in increased river usage.上一段先批他前提2有问题,再表示即使前提2对,前提3也有问题,这样就是逻辑结构更好。

  分了If the river's water quality and smell result from problems which can be cleaned, this may be true和If the quality and aroma results from the natural mineral deposits in the water or surrounding rock,this may not be true.结构相当紧密完整;最后一句再次强调作者的论证问题。

  结尾:和开头呼应,强调结论可能正确,作者的论证有问题(paraphrase)

  所以,发现结论、前提(包括隐含前提)、证据和理出作者的写作思路很重要很重要,其中隐含的意思也要能够读懂。对主结论的把握、(小)结论的辨识也要弄明白。

 

  要想获得新GRE写作满分,仅靠自己埋头钻研是不够的,应该适当地参考一些GRE写作范文。当然,参考并不是指的盲目地背诵,而是指要从中学习其优秀的结构思路和写作手法。各位考生可以参考以上经验方法来丰富自己的备考经验,提高写作水平,从而获得新GRE写作高分。



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