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2018年12月02日GRE大陆区真题回顾

2018-12-07 17:29 三立在线 admin

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摘要:12月的第一场考试已经结束,你有没有碰到熟悉的题呢?这次考试有巨巨巨巨巨多题都是上课讲过的哟~~~非常感谢各位奔赴前线的考友们回忆考题!!!看看都考了哪些题目吧~ P.S. 有的人可能碰到的机经比较多,但是也有人没有碰到。记住:做机经不是为了碰到,而是为了熟悉出题的思路。 填空部分 17-5. The building affairs minister rightly recogniz

12月的第一场考试已经结束,你有没有碰到熟悉的题呢?这次考试有巨巨巨巨巨多题都是上课讲过的哟~~~非常感谢各位奔赴前线的考友们回忆考题!!!看看都考了哪些题目吧~

P.S. 有的人可能碰到的机经比较多,但是也有人没有碰到。记住:做机经不是为了碰到,而是为了熟悉出题的思路。

填空部分

17-5. The building affairs minister rightly recognizes that the current planning system—underwhich the government controls every aspect of construction—creates disastrous developments, but she is wrong to propose the opposite: the wholesale (i)_____of the building market. Such a complete (ii)_____ of responsibility on the partof the state can hardly be in the public’s interest.

A. liberalization

D. abnegation

B. preservation

E. recapitulation

C. regulation

F. accretion

 

32-6. Those who took Clark’s old-mannered compliance for obsequiousness (i)_____ him: hisapparent (ii)_____ veiled a fervent (iii)_____ of the authority that othersexercised over him, one that he occasionally expressed by discreetly sabotagingtheir most important projects.

A.  misconstrued

D. cynicism     

G.  veneration

B.  condemned

E.  acquiescence

H.  justification

C.  respected  

F.  intractability

 I. detestation


33-5. There are two opposing theories about mountain formation and climate over the past 40 millionyears: either the surge of mountain building (i)_____ the global cooling orvice versa. The first ofthese two theories asserts that widespread mountain building cooled the earchas a result of the (ii)_____ mountains and climate. For example, mountainglaciers tend to be (iii)_____: once established, they increase thereflectivity of the surface, thus lowering temperatures and allowing more iceto form.

A. superseded

D. disparity between

G. unpredictable

B. halted

E. feedback between

H. static

C. caused

F. complexity of

I. self-perpetuating

 

34-4. The mood of the times is no longer one of (i)_____ over our scientific  achievements. Doubts and worries beset technical and scientific specialist, as well as the public at large. I do not consider such worries (ii)_____, though they are often based on intuitive feeling rather than on strictly logicalarguments.

A.  widening skepticism

D. unfounded

B.  uncritical joy

E. sacrosanct

C. false  humility

F. foreordained

 

34-10. An apparent paradox led the scientists to pursue their present line of research.They were struck by the fact that a single mathematics formula can be used todescribe physical phenomena that appear to be so _____.

A. rudimentary

B. interdependent

C. interrelated

D.complex

E. heterogeneous

F. dissimilar


41-1. Manycreative photographers were delighted to find in instant photography a modethat encouraged them to stop viewing photography as _____ and start viewing itas something they could handle with spontaneity, even derision.

A. sacrosanct

B.ephemeral

C. malleable

D. egalitarian

E. autonomous

 

51-1. Sincemany African farmers face a soil fertility problem, providing funding forfertilizer seems _____; closer examination of the data raises some troublingquestions, however.
A. imprudent
B. expensive

C.unimpeachable

D.modern
E. worrisome


57-2. Notwithstandingthat the _____ of local branch banks has been so much predicted, in mostcountries the number of branch banks has increased over the past decade.

A. resurgence

B. proliferation

C. demise

D. profitability

E. reorganization

 

68-9. Forcertain economists, “pure” economic theory, that is, economic theory _____ aspecific social structure, is impossible, much like a concept of anatomy thatinvestigates no specific species.

A.attuned to

B.abstracted from

C.derived from

D.divorced from

E.sensitive to

F.analyzed in

 

69-3.  Throughout much of the twentieth century, common scientific sense seemed to dictate thatanimals could not make a choice based on rational or aesthetic criteria. Suchchoices were (i)_____ the mental capacity of humans. Scientists who (ii)_____this animal-human cognitive division were often accused of anthropomorphism.

A.  reserved for

D. accepted

B.  inconsistent with

E. transgressed

C.  similar to

F. exacerbated


74-4. The humor in this play derives from its (i)_____. The new production, however,inexplicably goes in the opposite direction; it is so (ii)_____ that theaudience does not even seem to realize that the play is supposed to be acomedy.

A. verbal nimbleness

D. accessible

B. political allusions

E. plodding

C. deadpan dialogue

F. implausible

 

91-6.  The journey to (i)_____, when it starts from a vantage as (ii)_____ as Dunsany’s,is often as (iii)_____ as the path to glory. How did a writer of such talentand renown wind up nearly forgotten?

A. obscurity

D.  eminent

G. unfathomable

B. normalcy

E. reactionary

H. cyclical

C. genius

F.  egalitarian

I. mundane

 

105-2. Theeconomist argued that however much the government might trumpet the value of_____, it had been as bold as any other in its spending programs.

A.  thrift

B.  consumption

C.  dialogue

D.  cooperation

 

E.  transparency

阅读部分

 

 

Passage 3

 

 

 

 

A decrease in face-to-face social contact can precipitatedepression. Time spent using the Internet cannot be spent in face-to-facesocial contact, so psychologists have speculated that sharply increasingInternet use can cause depression. Studies of regular Internet users have founda significantly higher incidence of depression among those who had recentlydoubled the amount of time they spent using the Internet than among those whoseuse had not increased. Hence, the psychologists’ speculation is correct.

Which of the following is an assumption on which theargument depends?

A. In general, the reason that the people in the studieshad doubled their Internet use was not that they had earlier experienced asignificant decrease in opportunities for face-to-face social contact.


B. A sharp decrease in face-to-face social contact is theonly change in daily activity that can lead to an increased incidence ofdepression.


C. Using the Internet presents no opportunities for peopleto increase the amount of face-to-face social contact they experienced in theirdaily lives.


D. Regular Internet users who are depressed willexperience an immediate improvement in mood if they sharply decrease the amountof time they spend on the Internet.


 

E. Before they doubled the time they spent on theInternet, the people who did so were already more prone to depression than areregular Internet users in general.

 

 

Passage 29

 

 

 

 

For years, the leading theory for what caused the Younger Dryas (a dramatic reversal, about 12,900 years ago, in a global warming trend) was a releaseof water from Glacial Lake Agassiz. The theory posited that this meltwater flooded into the North Atlantic, lowering the salinity and intensity of surface waters enough to prevent them from sinking. Ocean currents were changed in sucha way that northward transport of heat in the ocean diminished, and the NorthAtlantic regions plunged back into near-glacial conditions. However, evidenceh as emerged that the Younger Dryas began long before freshwater flooded the North Atlantic. Additionally, the temperature changes induced by a shut down in the North Atlantic heat conveyor system are too small to explain the Younger Dryas.

 

1. The author of the passage implies which of the followingabout the release of water from glacial Lake Agassiz?


A. The notion that the release occurred has beenchallenged by more recent findings.


B. The release probably occurred muchearlier than scientists have generally assumed.

C.  Therelease would not have been sufficient to cause any temperature change in theNorth Atlantic.


D.  Thetiming of the release is such that it probably did not trigger the onset of theYounger Dryas. E. The release was probably unrelated to the global warmingtrend that was taking place.

 

2. The passage is primarily concerned with


A.  presenting evidence that undermines an explanation

B.  explaining the nature of a climatological phenomenon

C.  questioningthe timing of a particular event


D.  discussinga new explanation for a phenomenon


E.  suggesting revisions to a popular theory

 

 

Passage 37

 

 

 

Because the subject matter was so personal, the work of several prominent mid-twentieth century poets has been termed “confessional”poetry. But confession is a bad metaphor for what those poets did. The motivefor confession is penitential or therapeutic—by speaking openly about personalguilt and suffering, the poet hopes to make them easier to bear. But these poets always approached their writing as artists, and their motive wasaesthetic. Writing from experiences like madness, despair, and lust, their aim was to make effective art, not to cure themselves. To treat their poems mainly as documents of personal experience is not just to diminish the poets’achievement, but to ignore their unanimous disdain for the idea of confessionalpoetry.

 

Consider each of the choices separately and select all thatapply.

1. The author of the passage suggests that applying theterm “confessional” to the work of the poets discussed


A.  is mistaken in what it seems to imply about the poets’motivation


B.  might seem superficially appropriate given the subjectmatter of the poems

C.  isan error arising from the absence of any other convenient term.

Consider each of the choices separately and select all thatapply.

 

2. The passage implies that the poets discussed did NOT


A.  think that a poet’s motivation for writing was relevantin evaluating that poet’s work

B.  experience any relief of their personal suffering as aresult of writing


C.  applyto their own work the label by which it has subsequently been know

 

 

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