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名师指点:新GRE issue作文得分要点指引A

2018-04-28 10:40 小马过河 朱慜

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摘要:下面是一位考生参加的新GRE考试写作的题目,该考生整体感觉都不错,抽到了自己较为熟悉的题目。那么,是什么样的GRE作文题目让考生如此满意呢?下面看专家给大家分析该考生抽到新GRE作文的题目。

 

  一位来自复旦大学的同学:他抽到的Issue题目是那个曾令他不胜苦恼和困惑,而今却给他带来好运的题目:

 

  “Every individual in a society has a responsibility to obey just laws and to disobey and resist unjust laws.

 

  Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you aGREe or disaGREe with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position.”

 

  照理说,这道题目不算太难。旧版GRE作文题库中就有一道和它极其类似的题目:

 

  "There are two types of laws: just and unjust. Every individual in a society has a responsibility to obey just laws and, even more importantly, to disobey and resist unjust laws."

 

  但当时在给我的电邮中,这位同学感到万般纠结的是如何理解这道新G作文的写作指引(Instruction),也就是这句话:“In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position”,尤其是如何满足“be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position”的要求。

 

  这的确是个问题。

 

  这句话最为明确的信息是:考生的这篇作文必须要采用两面兼顾的写法,也就是我一贯倡导的Issue作文的“两面写”的策略。新GRE issue作文得分要点如何“两面写”

 

  这是因为,这条写作指引讲得非常明白:考生在对这道Issue题目提出自己的立场后,还必须(Be sure to)对可能被用来反驳(challenge)自己立场的最有说服力的理由和(或)例证做出回应。这实际是要求考生在作文中一定要论及反方立场,所以,必须两面写。

 

  如果考生这时在写作中采用俗称的“一边倒”的写法,就完全不符合该指引的要求了。在其官方网站上,ETS同样清楚地强调,写作指引是考题的一部分,考生必须要依照写作指引的要求完成写作。

 

  所以,对于“be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position”的要求,只能“两面写”。

 

  在新版GRE的Issue写作六条写作指引中,是不是只有这一条是必须要两面写的呢?

 

  ——不是的。

 

  除了上面提到的带有“be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position”的这个写作指引外,其它五个写作指引分别如下:

 

  A: Write a response in which you discuss which view more closely aligns with your own position and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should address both of the views presented.

 

  B: Write a response in which you discuss your views>新GRE issue作文得分要点如何“两面写”

 

  新GRE考试作文如果能巧妙地运用一些技巧,还是很好解决的。虽然新GRE作文题目更具体,但却更好的反映研究生院和商学院所需思维方式,希望考生尽快适应。

 

   



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