摘要： GRE作文范文 Argument-49 In each city in the region of Treehaven, the majority of the money spent on government-run public school education comes from taxes that each city government collects. The region's cities differ, however, in the
“In each city in the region of Treehaven, the majority of the money spent on government-run public school education comes from taxes that each city government collects. The region's cities differ, however, in the value they place on public education. For example, Parson City typically budgets twice as much money per year as Blue City does for its public schools---even though both cities have about the same number of residents. It seems clear, therefore, that Parson City residents care more about public school education than do Blue City residents.”
The thrust of this argument is based on the idea that two different cities place different values on public education because they budget different amounts of money for their public schools. Although each city in the region of Treehaven gets the majority of the money spent on government-run public school education from taxes collected by each city’s governments, Parson City usually budgets twice as much money for public schools as does Blue City, even though the populations are similar. The arguer then concludes that Parson City residents therefore care more about public school education than Blue City residents. There are no facts presented in this argument that can logically lead to such a conclusion.
The entire argument is based on the flimsy premise that because the two cities have the same number of residents, they should therefore budget the same amount of money for each city’s schools. First of all, the money that each city “budgets” for its public schools does not necessarily indicate the value that each city’s residents place on public school education. There could be numerous other reasons for the discrepancy rather than the value that a city’s residents place on public education. For example, it is possible that Parson City’s budget for public education is twice that of Blue City because they have twice the number of students that Blue City has. The number of residents is not the key factor when deciding how much money a public school education system needs, the number of students attending each school district is of paramount importance. Blue City may have a far greater number of older residents, while Parson City may have a much younger average age demographic, demonstrated by a much higher population of school-age children. As another example, it is possible that Blue City “budgets” half the money for public school education that Parson City does because it supports its public schools through other means, such as public bonds or fees, rather than by a budget that comes from tax money. Perhaps Blue City has self-supporting public schools that do not require a budget from the city. In all of these cases, the value that each city places on its public school education is not determined merely by how much money is budgeted by its own city government.
Furthermore, the value or amount of “care” that Parson City or Blue City has for its public education is not necessarily indicated by each city’s budget for its public education system. The money that is budgeted cannot be directly equated with the value that a city’s residents place on its educational system. In theory, a city’s government should follow through with its residents’ wishes regarding how taxes are expended. However, in reality, what a government does may have very little to do with what its residents want, particularly on a short-term basis. It is highly likely that the residents of both cities place an equal value on public school education, regardless of the money budgeted by each city’s government.
In addition, it is possible that Blue City has a much higher proportion of religious or private educational institutions that are meeting its public education needs. Because these types of schools do not depend on governmental funds to operate, the need for public school funding may be half that of Parson City, which may have only public schools and no privately funded schools.
In summary, the arguer bases his or her argument on the fundamentally wrong idea that the amount of money budgeted by a city’s government is directly equivalent to how much that particular city’s residents care about its public school education system. When viewed from this perspective, it is obvious that this argument is not based on logical reasoning and it must therefore be rejected.