GRE作文范文 Issue-50


发布人:若木           2018-04-12 11:10:47

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摘要: GRE作文范文 Issue-50 Scholars and researchers should not be concerned with whether their academic work makes a contribution to the larger society. It is more important that they pursue their individual interests, however unusual or idio
GRE作文范文 Issue-50
 
“Scholars and researchers should not be concerned with whether their academic work makes a contribution to the larger society. It is more important that they pursue their individual interests, however unusual or idiosyncratic those interests may seem.”
 
嘉文博译Sample Essay
 
The needs of larger society obviously are much more important than the individual desires of anyone within that society, be they scholars and researchers or the highest leader of the country. However, somewhat paradoxically, when scholars and researchers are allowed to pursue their own individual interests, they are much more likely to make a greater contribution to a society than if they are forced to focus their efforts on contributing to that society.
 
To begin with, the world definitely needs the academic work of scholars and researchers to assist with mankind’s development and growth. The human race has no shortage of problems that need solutions, some much more urgent and serious than others. For example, a cure for cancer or an end to world hunger should receive the utmost attention of the academic world. However, there is something that is even more important than solving the world’s most pressing problems – the recognition of the human right to self-realization and the control of one’s own destiny. Without this very basic human right, none of the other problems would seem to have much significance. Scholars and researchers must be allowed to pursue their own interests, regardless of whether those interests appear to have potential benefits for the greater welfare of society. The right to follow one’s own dreams should almost always supersede the wants and demands of the general population.
 
Secondly, it is inherent in the human spirit to be more productive in pursuit of something that is of interest to that particular individual. Too many times we are forced into doing something that we don’t really like doing, either through our own failures or because of the influences of others. Similarly, scholars and researchers must be given the freedom to choose their own areas of study, no matter how offbeat or seemingly useless those areas may be. In academia as in the business world, the intellectual must be allowed to follow his or her heart to work on whatever field of study truly piques his or her interest, regardless of its potential benefits for society. One can only imagine what would have happened had Thomas Edison been forced to study medicine rather than following his own interests, but the world would certainly be a without a number of modern wonders if he had. If Michelangelo had been forced to study mathematics rather than allowed to pursue his artistry, the world would certainly be a less beautiful place in which to live. Although it is all well and good to wish to benefit society, and most scholars and researchers probably do, it is in the act of self-actualization that we can reach our fullest potential and make our best contribution to the world.
 
Finally, is should be remembered that most people have an inner desire to help others, no matter how selfish he or she may appear on the surface. Research is rarely wasted on the trivial – people are motivated by the desire to do something meaningful with their lives. It is unlikely, even given the pure freedom to pursue whatever studies the scholar or researcher desires, that society will receive no benefits. Indeed, simply giving the intellectual the freedom to pursue his or her own interests makes for a better society. Whether a scholar or researcher makes a tremendous contribution to society or no contribution at all through his or her studies, the world itself is a better place for having allowed them to pursue their own individual areas of interest.
 
(580 words)
参考译文
 
学者和研究人员没有必要去关注他们的学术工作是否对更大范围的社会有所贡献。更重要的是,他们要追求他们个人的兴趣,不管那些兴趣看上去是多么的怪异或乖戾。
 
  大社会的需要显然远比该社会中任何一个人的愿望更为重要,不管他们是学者或研究人员,还是国家的最高领导人。但是,有点儿矛盾的是,当学者和研究人员被允许去追求他们自己的个人兴趣时,他们更有可能对一个社会作出更大的贡献。倘若他们被迫去刻意地集中其所有努力,为社会作贡献的话,则很有可能适得其反。
 
  首先,世界当然需要学者和研究人员的学术工作,用来帮助人类的发展与成长。人类有的是需要解决的问题,其中一些比其他的一些更加迫切和严重,例如治愈癌症或解决世界饥饿就最应该得到学术世界的注意。然而有一些比解决世界最紧迫问题更为重要的东西——承认自我实现这一人权,以及对自我命运的控制。没有这些最基本的人权,其他的问题将不会有多大意义。学者和研究人员必须被允许去追求他们自己的兴趣,不管那些兴趣看上去是否对社会较为广泛的福祉有无潜在的好处;追寻自己梦想的权利几乎应该永远超过大众的需要和要求。
 
  第二,在追求对某个具体的个人有利的东西的时候,人们总是希望更加富有成效,这是人的精神里与生俱来的。但太多的时候我们被迫去做我们并不真正喜欢做的事情,或者因为我们自己的失败,或者因为别人的影响。相类似地,学者和研究人员必须被赋予去选择他们自己研究领域的自由,无论那些领域可能是多么的怪异或似乎毫无用处。在学术上,就像在生意场上一样,知识分子必须被允许去追寻他或她内心的召唤,去工作于任何真正能激起他或她兴趣的研究领域,不管它对社会的潜在好处如何。假如爱迪生被强迫去研究医药而不是遵循他自己的兴趣,将会发生什么样的结果,我们只能凭想象去猜测了。但假如他真的那样做了,世界将肯定缺少一批现代而又奇妙的事物;假如米开朗基罗被迫研究数学而不被允许去追求他的艺术,这世界居住起来将一定会是个不怎么美丽的场所。虽然为社会带来好处的愿望很好,而且可能大部分学者和研究人员都是这样做的,但唯有在自我实现这一行为中,我们才能最大限度地发挥潜力并且对世界做出我们最好的贡献。
 

  最后我们必须记住的是,大部分人都有帮助他人的内在愿望,无论他或她在表面上显得多么自私。对微不足道问题的探索极少被浪费过,因为人们总是被用他们的生命做一些有意义事情的愿望激励着。即使不管学者或研究人员的研究愿望是什么,只要他们总是被给予纯粹的自由,社会也不可能一无所获。实际上,纯粹地给予知识分子追求他或她自己兴趣的自由会造就一个更好的社会。不管一个学者或研究人员通过他或她的研究对社会作出了巨大贡献或者完全没有贡献,世界本身已经变成了一个更好的地方,因为已经允许他们去追求他们自己个人感兴趣的领域。

 

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