发布人:           2021-04-29 18:08:51






Passage 2:白铅厂

Acting on the recommendation of a British government committee investigating the high incidence in white lead factories of(发生率) illness among employees, most of whom were women, the Home Secretary proposed(建议) in 1895 that Parliament enact(英文中表建议提议的词后面都接动词原型,省略了should,因为提议的事情还没有做) legislation that would prohibit(=keep/stop) women from holding most jobs in white lead factories.

「bg.」虽然限制女性工作,但是出发点是好的,因为发病率。文章主要讲了基于这个立法提案的不同反应。 Although the Women's Industrial Defence Committee (WIDC), formed in 1892 in response to earlier legislative attempts to restrict women's labor, did not discount(熟词僻义,v. ignore) the white lead trade's potential health dangers, it(指代WIDC) opposed the proposal, viewing it as yet another instance of limiting women's work opportunities. 「Quo.」WIDC反对该立法提案,并给出了理由。Also opposing the proposal was the Society for Promoting the Employment of Women (SPEW)倒装句,避免头重脚轻,当主语或主语修饰语较长时,通过倒装或被动将主语后置,这里SPEW后有较长的定语从句修饰, which attempted to challenge it by investigating the causes of illness in white lead factories.「Quo.2」SPEW觉得只要控制好原因就没有必要限制女性在白铅工厂工作) SPEW contended, and WIDC concurred同意, that controllable conditions in such factories were responsible for(碰到表因果逻辑的词一定要重视) the development of lead poisoning.(解释了SPEW发现的causes,下面一句进一步解释什么是controllable conditions) SPEW provided convincing evidence that lead poisoning could be avoided if workers were careful and clean and if already extant(=still existing) workplace safety regulations were stringently(=strictly) enforced.「Det.」 However, the Women's Trade Union League (WTUL), which had ceased in the late 1880s to oppose restrictions on women's labor, supported the eventually enacted proposal, in part because safety regulations were generally not being enforced in white lead factories, where there were no unions (and little prospect of any) to pressure employers to comply with safety regulations.「Quo.3」文章描述了3个不同组织对该立法提案的看法以及背后的原因

1.The passage suggests that WIDC differed from WTUL in which of the following ways?

• A WIDC believed that the existing safety regulations were adequate to protect women's health, whereas WTUL believed that such regulations needed to be strengthened.「不存在」WIDC都没有提到安全法规的事

• B WIDC believed that unions could not succeed in pressuring employers to comply with such regulations, whereas WTUL believed that unions could succeed in doing so.「不存在」WIDC都没有提到unions,是WTUL提到的

• CWIDC believed that lead poisoning in white lead factories could be avoided by controlling conditions(是SPEW的观点) there, whereas WTUL believed that lead poisoning in such factories could not be avoided no matter how stringently safety regulations were enforced.「不准确」

• D At the time that the legislation concerning white lead factories was proposed, WIDC was primarily(主要关注的是,文章并没有说WIDC主要关注的是什么) concerned with addressing health conditions in white lead factories, whereas然而 WTUL was concerned with improving working conditions in all types of factories.「不存在」

• E At the time that WIDC was opposing(1895) legislative attempts to restrict women's labor, WTUL had already ceased to do so(1880s).

2. Which of the following, if true, would most clearly support the contention attributed to SPEW in highlight text?逻辑加强题

• A Those white lead factories that most strongly enforced regulations concerning worker safety and hygiene had the lowest incidences of lead poisoning among employees.举例加强

• B The incidence of lead poisoning was much higher among women who worked in white lead factories than among women who worked in other types of factories. 相当于复述原文中提到的事实,无法起到加强作用。「无关」

• C There were many household sources of lead that could have contributed to the incidence of lead poisoning among women who also worked outside the home in the late nineteenth century.「他因削弱」原文的观点是卫生和规范导致铅中毒,把这两个因素控制好了就可以了,但是这里给了第3个原因,相当于说把这两个因素控制好了也没有用

• D White lead factories were more stringent than were certain other types of factories in their enforcement of workplace safety regulations.「代表性」没有办法依据不具代表性的事实来推测出基于整体的结论

• E Even brief exposure to the conditions typically found in white lead factories could cause lead poisoning among factory workers.「无关」文章中没有提到暴露时间和文章中两个因素的关联

3.According to the passage, the WIDC believed that the proposed legislation resembled earlier legislation concerning women's labor in that it细节题若逻辑链理清楚,细节题定位也是很快的

• A caused divisiveness among women's organizations「不存在」

• B sought to protect women's health「不存在」

• Climited women's occupational opportunities

• D failed to bolster workplace safety regulations「不存在」

• E failed to make distinctions among types of factory work「不存在」

4.The passage is primarily concerned with

• A presenting various groups' views of the motives of those proposing certain legislation(3个组织并没有揣摩立法提议者的动机)「不存在」

• Bcontrasting the reasoning of various groups concerning their positions on certain proposed legislation

• C tracing the process whereby(=by which通过这个过程) certain proposed legislation was eventually enacted「不存在」

• Dassessing the success of tactics adopted by various groups with respect to certain proposed legislation「不存在」

• Eevaluating the arguments of various groups concerning certain proposed legislation「不存在」




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